For the substantial reason to get a clearer view of the complexity of migration and of the integration paths that has been activated in recent years in Europe, and trying to envisage developments which may enable good practices that should become more socially inclusive and fully respectful of diversity.
Succeeding in this challenge is not easy because the national integration processes depend on many factors. Each country has developed peculiar “paths” following what every country thought that integration should be.
Nowadays we can generally affirm that the lack of or the insufficient interaction between the components of society (indigenous and immigrant) is the major element of weakness of all the integration process. The encounter, or, in other words, the mutual “recognition” between old and new citizens, has not fully happened.
This is particularly true for the Second and Third Generations that show how precisely the strong divergence of the “expectations of integration” among the younger generations is often the basis of a conflict, that in some cases has had dramatic results.
Faced with this situation, that appears to exist in almost all EU countries, it seems obvious to ask whether society, institutions and religious communities have been working in the right direction, by activating all the tools necessary to allow an effective integration process, especially for the younger generations.
Perhaps it is time to put in question the many behaviors that underlie misunderstandings, hostility, conflict, and, through a continuous dialogue, search for the right answers to find the motivation and tools for the consolidation of a plural Europe.
In fact, it is crucial to restart the integration process by giving shared answers to essential questions such as: citizenship, identity, veil, religious education, places of worship, terrorism. And this must be done with clarity and transparency, in an open dialogue with all the younger generations who, in an aging Europe, has become essential pillars. (see Section “The Project”)
The Project is moving toward this direction.